The Facts About Periodontal Disease - Treatment & Prevention Options

Gum disease is a common problem in adults, although with the right treatment, most people will only ever have minor symptoms. Gum disease, if untreated, will grow worse and infect other areas of the mouth. Eventually, gums will separate from teeth, leaving them susceptible to falling out. 

Gum Disease Advances without Treatment

The initial cause of gum disease is bacterial growth. Bacteria on the teeth produce plaque, but further growth into the gums is stopped by routine oral home care. If plaque isn’t removed, it hardens into tartar over time, and this encourages further bacterial growth which can lead to gum infection. If advanced enough, the gums will bleed and be sensitive to brushing or coming into contact with hot and cold foods. As the infection progresses the gums suffer from inflammation and pull away from the teeth, leaving the root structure and teeth open to decay.

After roots or teeth become infected, treatment grows increasingly complex and the symptoms more uncomfortable. Teeth can fall out without health tissue supporting them, and you may suffer from chronic bad breath. Gum disease has been connected to other health issues including diminished blood sugar control, lung infection, and heart complications. All of these health problems can be avoided with visits to your local dentist twice a year, and with good home care. 

Good Oral Health Prevents Gum Disease

As aforementioned, the easiest way to prevent gum disease is to brush twice a day for two minutes, and to floss at least once. Use dentist-recommended toothpastes with fluoride to prevent cavities, and Alcohol, sugary beverages, and smoking are contributors to periodontal disease as they enhance bacteria’s ability to grow in oral tissues. Your dentist can easily spot the symptoms of periodontitis, making routine check-ups essential for good oral health.

Treatments for advanced gum disease includes root planing and scaling, root canals, and tooth extraction. Dr. Dyer, your Keller dentist, is ready and willing to help patients restore their smile after eliminating gum disease. 

If you’re experiencing dental discomfort or believe you have symptoms of periodontal disease, please call your Keller family dentist and we will take care of your smile.